African Youth Alliance (AYA)

Category 2

The AYA strategy focused on implementing and scaling up a comprehensive set of six integrated adolescent sexual and reproductive health (ASRH) interventions using existing local institutions. In each country where AYA operated, the three lead agencies formed a secretariat and assembled a group of implementing partners (IPs). The overall approach was to implement all components simultaneously, while building capacity and fostering coordination among established partners to scale up ASRH services and to encourage their sustainability. AYA was designed to leave a legacy of behavior change among young people who have been reached directly by the program, as well as a supportive policy environment and the institutional capacity that would enable government, NGOs, and the private sector to sustain and expand AYA's interventions in years to come.

Goal of the Practice
  • Improved ASRH knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors among male and female youth age 17--22.
Core Components
  • UNFPA: Policy and advocacy coordination- Create an improved enabling and supportive environment; Coordination and dissemination- Establish, strengthen, or both, coordination and dissemination mechanisms for improved ASRH partnerships.
  • Pathfinder: Institutional Capacity Building- Strengthen IP institutional capacity to sustain ASRH outcomes; Youth Friendly Services- Increase use of quality, youth-friendly ASRH services.
  • PATH: Behavior change communications (BCC), including life planning skills and enter-education activities, Increase knowledge, skills, norms, and positive attitudes toward adoption of safer sexual practices; Integration of ASRH with livelihood skills training.
Noteworthy Results
  • A significant number of young people in AYA implementation areas were reached by AYA programs and were able to recall ASRH messages.
  • A significant positive impact of AYA on several variables, most notably condom use, contraceptive use, partner reduction, and several self-efficacy and knowledge antecedents.
  • Overall, the impact of AYA on ASRH behaviors and their antecedents was greater for young women than for young men.
Lessons Learned
  • In general, more young people tended to recall interventions, such as media messages and certain enter-education activities (ASRH messages conveyed through entertainment events), than interventions that required more initiative and more intensive involvement, such as life-planning skills (LPS) programs and visiting youth-friendly clinics.
  • Partner reduction was identified as a focus of future ASRH programs.
Focus Areas
Implemented By
Pathfinder International, Program for Appropriate Technologies in Health (PATH) and United National Population Fund (UNFPA)
Participating Organization
Target Population
  • Adults (over 18)
  • Adolescents (ages 13-17)
Implementation Years
01/2000 - 03/2005