HIV Prevention Knowledge Base
Structural Interventions: An Overview of Structural Approaches to HIV Prevention
Safe and Friendly Health Facility: Trainer’s Guide
This training manual was developed to help hospital workers feel safe while providing care for HIV positive individuals and simultaneously creating an environment where HIV-positive clients feel safe and welcome. The training targets all hospital workers, including administrative and support staff. The curriculum provides recommendations on how to plan and organize the training in a way that actively engages the administration. The curriculum includes content on basic information about HIV/AIDS, how staff can follow universal precautions for protection, and HIV stigma and discrimination. It ends with exercises that participants use to develop policy guidelines and a code of practice ensuring a safe and friendly health facility.
Understanding and Challenging HIV Stigma: Toolkit for Action
This toolkit is a revision of a 2003 report written by AIDS activists from over 50 NGOs in Ethiopia, Tanzania, and Zambia. The activists participated in workshops in which they explored the implications of stigma and designed exercises on different aspects of stigma reduction. This toolkit has modules and exercises to challenge stigma and discrimination among people at all levels. In addition to addressing stigma among heterosexual adults with HIV, there are modules addressing stigma among children, youth, and men who have sex with men. Readers can download the entire manual, individual modules, or a booklet containing images juxtaposing scenarios of stigma with scenarios in which human rights that have not been violated.
Guidelines for Inclusion of Individuals with Disability in HIV/AIDS Outreach Efforts
Available in English, Spanish, French, and Portuguese, this 17-page report based on a Global Survey on HIV and AIDS and Disability provides guidelines for a range of “no-cost” and higher cost approaches that can be used by program implementers, policymakers, advocates, and educators to ensure that individuals with disabilities are included in HIV prevention efforts.
Reducing Stigma and Discrimination Related to HIV and AIDS: Training for Health Care Workers
This two-volume training course guides health workers through an investigation of the root causes of HIV stigma and discrimination. At the same time, it helps them understand their own attitudes about HIV and AIDS and how these attitudes may affect the people they care for. Available in French and English, the curriculum consists of a 75-page participant's handbook and an 85-page trainer's manual. The training uses role-playing, small- and large-group discussions, and brainstorming activities. Curriculum topics include clients’ rights to receive health care services; the use of standard precautions and proper infection prevention techniques to minimize the risk of occupational exposure to HIV; and developing action plans to help participants put what they have learned into practice at their service delivery sites.
Men as Partners: A Program for Supplementing the Training of Life Skills Educators, 2nd Edition
Developed for use by Men As Partners educators, trainers can use this manual to design workshops that best fit their needs: A one-day HIV/AIDS workshop, for example, or a five-day life skills workshop. It can also be used for different groups, such as men only, adolescents, or men and women together. Interactive exercises, case studies, and icebreakers are used to highlight key points about life skills. Training activities include topics on gender and sexuality (such as gender stereotypes, sexual orientation), male and female sexual health (anatomy and physiology, myths and facts about family planning), HIV and other sexually transmitted infections, relationships (fatherhood, unhealthy relationships), and violence, including examining and defining sexual and domestic violence.
People Living with HIV Stigma Index
International Community of Women Living with HIV (ICW), International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF), Global Network of People Living with HIV (GNP+), UNAIDS, South Africa. It can be difficult to quantify the notion of stigma or discrimination. However, it is important to understand to what degree these issues exist in a country to be able to effectively combat them. Thus this tool not only measures stigma and discrimination that people living with HIV experience but also provides ways that stigma can be addressed. This website provides readers with the methodology, key steps for implementation, and guidance on communicating the results. The data collected can be used to influence national policies and program design. The use of the tool over time, in conjunction with surveys, can enhance collective understanding and detect changes and trends.Over 20 countries used this index in 2009-2010.
Five manuals, available in Spanish, English, and Portuguese, support work with young men in order to explore their concepts of masculinity. The program uses interactive activities and theoretical content. Each manual contains an introduction on a specific theme; a description of the group activities; and a list of references for further research, including videos, websites, and organizations that work in the area. The five manuals are:
Volume 1: Sexuality and Reproductive Health
Volume 2: Fatherhood and Care-giving
Volume 3: From Violence to Peaceful Coexistence
Volume 4: Reasons and Emotions Volume
5: Preventing and Living with HIV/AIDS
This manual outlines a participatory, human rights-based approach for working with communities that are affected by HIV. The process engages all community members ages 11 years and older in a series of meetings. The process employs a “bottom-up” response to the epidemic and has been used with a wide range of communities to address sensitive issues including violence, stigma, gender inequalities, homophobia, and coping with grief.