HIV Prevention Knowledge Base
Structural approaches address social, economic, and cultural factors that contribute to HIV risk and vulnerability. Gender, poverty, and policy not only influence HIV risk but also help determine the success or failure of behavioral and biomedical HIV prevention interventions.
An Overview of Structural Approaches to HIV Prevention
Structural approaches reduce an individual’s vulnerability to HIV by creating the conditions in which people can adopt safer behaviors. For example, making micro-finance loans available to poor women can reduce their need to engage in transactional sex, which may reduce their vulnerability to HIV infection. Structural approaches include social, economic, and political interventions that can improve health outcomes by increasing the willingness and ability of individuals to practice prevention.
Updated: March 2011
Interventions Addressing Policy Factors
Due to the complexity of HIV prevention, both programmatic and policy-related interventions are necessary. Policies define the roles of various actors to achieve a set of objectives. Their implementation may involve cost assessments, development of supporting laws and regulations, dissemination of practical and technical guidelines and the planning of a programmatic response.
Updated November 2010.
Workplace Interventions to Prevent HIV
Although the effects of HIV in the workplace differ by the size of the company/organization and the type of labor employed, for many companies and government employers HIV prevention efforts are essential to protecting an organization’s productivity, profitability, economic growth, and efficiency.
Updated September 2010