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HIV Prevention Knowledge Base

A Collection of Research and Tools to Help You Find What Works in Prevention

Biomedical Interventions: Infant Feeding for Mothers Living with HIV

Link to important additional materials and websites

Rapid Advice: Use of Antiretroviral Drugs for Treating Pregnant Women and Preventing HIV Infection in Infants.

WHO. (2009).

These recently-updated, evidence-based recommendations on PMTCT serve as a reference for countries to adopt and adapt according to conditions found at the national level (resource availability and limitations, etc.). They are intended as an aid to simplify and standardize previous recommendations by making guidelines for initiating antiretroviral treatment (ART) for pregnant women the same as for non-pregnant women and by taking into account programmatic considerations that affect implementation. They provide guidance for policy makers and program managers responsible for PMTCT programs and are a resource for health workers involved in prevention, care, and treatment of pregnant women and their infants. These recommendations focus on two key areas: a) when to start ART and which regimen to use for pregnant women who are treatment-eligible (and their infants); and b) when to start and which antiretroviral prophylaxis regimen to give non treatment-eligible women (and their infants). Recommendations are given for breastfeeding and non-breastfeeding infants. These recommendations form part of a larger guideline which is expected to be published and disseminated in March-April 2010.

View Report (PDF, 428 KB)

View Report Summary (PDF, 128 KB)


State of the World's Children

UNICEF. (2009).

The tables found in the State of the World’s Children report contain data for all countries as well as regional summaries on breastfeeding patterns.

View Report (PDF, 420 KB)