HIV Prevention Knowledge Base
Biomedical Interventions: Blood Safety and Availability
Blood Donation Information
This section of the AABB’s website is targeted to potential blood donors. In non-technical language, it explains why blood donations are needed and why people become blood donors. It answers questions commonly asked by potential blood donors, including information on the process of blood donation and on the meaning of donor deferral. There is a step-by-step guide to the blood donation process from predonation screening to postdonation care. There are also links to the AABB’s Donor History Task Force donor history questionnaires and guidance documents. For U.S. residents, there is a blood bank locator tool and information on how to organize a blood drive.
Education and Training Materials
The AABB’s education and training materials comprise four categories: web-based courses, training manuals, slide presentations, and general resources. The web-based courses on basic cell therapy, transfusion-related acute lung injury, and the Code of Good Manufacturing Practice in the Transfusion Service are fee-based with individual and institutional rates. The other materials are all available free of charge. There are manuals on donor services training and blood administration as well as resources on a variety of topics of relevance to blood bank professionals.
Design Guidelines for Blood Centres
These design guidelines can be used to help countries develop blood services facilities. They can be used not just in the design of purpose-built facilities, but also in the renovation of existing buildings and to assess layout to improve work patterns. The guidelines are in two parts, covering function and design. The functional brief covers the role and function of a blood center, issues that should be considered in its design, the operation and function of units, and how much space is required based on various average workloads. The design brief describes physical performance and engineering services requirements of the building itself.
Universal Access to Safe Blood and Blood Products for Transfusion
The WHO website section on blood safety brings together a plethora of guidance documents, training materials, and tools from the WHO’s Blood Transfusion Safety team to explain why blood safety is important and how it can be achieved. Key resources include recommendations on screening blood for transmissible infections, universal access to safe blood transfusion, and guidelines on the design of blood centers. The site’s documentation center houses forms and reports related to all aspects of blood safety, including questionnaires and reports from the Global Database on Blood Safety. Related information from within and outside WHO is also accessible through this site.
ISBT Science Series: Introduction to Blood Transfusion Technology
This publication comprises 17 original articles that are, in effect, chapters of a training manual. The publication is targeted at students and inexperienced readers, rather than with the expert in mind. Written by specialists in blood transfusion technology, it covers the entire transfusion chain. Chapters begin with learning objectives, conclude with a content summary, and can be studied individually or read as a coherent whole. There are copious illustrations and a comprehensive glossary. Although the content is wide-ranging, it does not cover recent technological advances such as cord blood banking and stem cell production.
Making a Difference: Recruiting Voluntary, Non-Remunerated Blood Donors
Donor recruiters can use the seven modules that make up this manual for self-study training purposes. Starting with basic information about blood safety, the manual covers donor education and social marketing strategies and the process of bringing in and serving donors. There is also a module on building partnerships and another specifically covering recruitment of youth donors. The final module covers human resources, research, and forward planning. Each module includes a list of learning objectives and activities to help reinforce the learning process. Modules can be downloaded separately or as one publication.