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HIV Prevention Knowledge Base

A Collection of Research and Tools to Help You Find What Works in Prevention


Behavioral Interventions: Partner Reduction

Link to important additional materials and websites

UNAIDS Combination Prevention Briefs

Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS). (2008).

The Joint United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) published a series of briefs to provide an overview of combination prevention approaches in high-prevalence countries in Eastern and Southern Africa. The briefs contain background information, programmatic challenges, and recommendations for action with a focus on modes of transmission, multiple concurrent partnerships, vulnerabilities of women and girls, and male circumcision.

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“Know Your Epidemic, Know Your Response”: A Useful Approach, If We Get It Right

Wilson, D. & Halperin, D. T. Lancet (2008), Vol. 372 No. 9637, pp. 423-426.

This commentary provides advice to the HIV prevention community for responding effectively to vastly differing HIV epidemics throughout the world without becoming overly complicated. Despite differences in concentrated, generalized, and mixed epidemic settings, partner reduction can help reduce HIV transmission in generalized epidemics. The authors argue that the response to AIDS has “given insufficient emphasis to aligning prevention priorities with epidemic transmission dynamics, compromising effective prevention with mismatched or unfocused responses.” They conclude that much can be done to help curb HIV transmission around the world if the right approaches are taken, such as partner reduction and male circumcision.

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Outreach Guides: HIV/AIDS Prevention Programmes

Pact/Botswana. (2007).

This series of outreach guides developed in Botswana address many topics that HIV prevention programs can use for their efforts. The guides include participatory methods, and were developed to help promote changes in behavior. Ten guides include information and activities on abstinence promotion, alcohol abuse reduction, improving couple communication and parent-child communication, as well as partner reduction.

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Field Assessment of Emergency Plan Centrally-Funded HIV Prevention Programs for Youth

Speizer, I. & Lopez, C. (2007). MEASURE Evaluation Project, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, NC, USA.

This report evaluates “abstinence and be faithful for youth” (ABY) programs funded through The President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief. The researchers visited 20 sites in Ethiopia, Haiti, Kenya, Mozambique, and Tanzania to assess how program efforts had fared. The authors recommend how these programs can strengthen their work, and also provide an assessment tool that can be used by funders, program planners, and program managers to identify characteristics of strong ABY programs.

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