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HIV Prevention Knowledge Base

A Collection of Research and Tools to Help You Find What Works in Prevention

Behavioral Interventions: Comprehensive Sexuality Education

Link to important additional materials and websites

Children and AIDS: Fifth Stocktaking Report

United Nations Children’s Fund, Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, World Health Organization, United Nations Population Fund, & United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. (2010).

This report covers the whole span of HIV and childhood from prevention of mother-to-child transmission, pediatric care and treatment, and HIV prevention among adolescents and young people, as well as protection, care, and support for children affected by HIV and AIDS. The chapter on adolescents describes the progress made on prevention of new HIV infections, discusses the barriers to HIV prevention among this age group, and what factors have made prevention strategies successful.

pdf View Report outside link (PDF, 2.1 MB)


UNAIDS Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic 2010

Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS. (2010).

This report provides an update of the state of the HIV epidemic, including data and commentary on HIV and young people. It has chapters on HIV prevention and treatment, as well as human rights and gender, and investment in HIV. There are country-specific progress indicators and estimates of HIV and AIDS for 2001 and 2009. It is rich in tables, maps, and illustrations, making it easy to read and use.

pdf View Report outside link (PDF, 4.3 MB)


School Connectedness

U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2009).

This webpage on school connectedness, defined as students’ belief that their teachers and peers care about their learning and about them as individuals, has numerous useful links. There is a downloadable pdf strategy guide (PDF, 1.7 MB) on fostering school connectedness, fact sheets, and a staff development program. The pdf facilitator’s guide (PDF, 1.1 MB) for the staff program is also available for download, and there are two PowerPoint presentations, one giving an overview of school connectedness and another on action planning for school connectedness.

View Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Website outside link


What Works Best in Sex/HIV Education?

Center for AIDS Prevention Studies, University of California, San Francisco. (2006).

This two-page document lays out the case for sex education, argues that it works, and that effective programs are replicable. It highlights studies of curricula found to bring about significant behavior change and describes the main features of effective curricula. It calls on policymakers to fund and support the implementation of sex and HIV education programs, particularly among subgroups known to be at higher risk of HIV, sexually transmitted infections, and unplanned pregnancy.

pdf View Report outside link (PDF, 73 KB)