Gender and HIV

Addressing gender inequality and harmful gender norms is essential to reducing the risk of the vulnerability to HIV infection, to mitigate the impact of the epidemic, and to improve health outcomes. PEPFAR proactively promotes the integration of five gender strategies into all its programs:

  • Increasing gender equity into HIV/AIDS programs and services, including in reproductive health
  • Reducing violence and coercion
  • Addressing male norms and behaviors
  • Increasing women’s legal rights and protection
  • Increasing women’s access to income and productive resources, including education.

AIDSTAR-One provides technical assistance resources to programs to increase their capacity to integrate gender strategies into their activities and disseminates evidence on how gender strategies are being implemented and replicated by programs around the world.

pdf icon See a preview of all gender resources (PDF, 1.3 MB): English, French, Portuguese, Spanish

The Gender Compendium
This compendium describes how 31 programs in Africa are using gender strategies to improve HIV services and reduce vulnerability to HIV infection. Click on the links below to see how these programs are combining strategies, where gaps exist, what lessons were learned, and common experiences across programs.
  • G3Ps
  • Tech Briefs
  • Case Studies
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Technical Consultation: Strengthening Gender Programming in PEPFAR
The PEPFAR Gender Technical Working Group convened a technical exchange in October 2009 to exchange good and promising programmatic practices, introduce gender tools, and identify program and evidence gaps.