A Compendium of Programs in Africa

This compendium describes how 31 programs in Africa are using gender strategies to improve HIV services and reduce vulnerability to HIV infection. Click on the tabs below to see how these programs are combining strategies, where gaps exist, what lessons were learned, and common experiences across programs.

From these 31 programs, 5 were selected as subjects of in-depth case studies. The five case studies and the resulting findings report are integrated into the compendium below, or you can view the whole Africa Gender Compendium Case Study Series.

View the Africa Gender Compendium Case Study Series Findings Report


Programs that seek to initiate gender-based programming for the first time or to expand their current gender programming should be encouraged to include gender strategies in combination. These strategies are mutually reinforcing, while the costs of adding new gender components may be relatively low.

However, funders and program implementers should determine which strategies to combine, and how best to combine them, based on the specific gender constraints experienced by target audiences. Context-specific consequences of combining programming – both positive and negative – also must be considered and addressed. For example, program implementers have described increased spousal violence experienced by women who participated in income generation activities.

Targeted Recommendatrions

  • Programs should combine gender strategies to address gender constraints of target audiences, which will strengthen HIV programs.
  • Implementers need flexibility to adapt programming based on new findings to build in and combine gender strategies.
  • Increasing the involvement of men –especially young men –should remain a high priority.
  • Gender-based violence should be considered a key component in HIV programming, addressing other gender strategies and involving a broad range of actors.
  • All programs should have a strong evaluation component
  • Involvement and leadership from the community is integral to changing gender norms.
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