A Compendium of Programs in Africa

This compendium describes how 31 programs in Africa are using gender strategies to improve HIV services and reduce vulnerability to HIV infection. Click on the tabs below to see how these programs are combining strategies, where gaps exist, what lessons were learned, and common experiences across programs.

From these 31 programs, 5 were selected as subjects of in-depth case studies. The five case studies and the resulting findings report are integrated into the compendium below, or you can view the whole Africa Gender Compendium Case Study Series.

View the Africa Gender Compendium Case Study Series Findings Report

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# programs found
File Strategies addressed Country
Binti Pamoja
Binti Pamoja (Daughters United) is a reproductive health and women's rights center for adolescent girls living in a slum area of Nairobi. The center...

  • Reducing violence and coercion
  • Addressing male norms and behaviors
  • Increasing women's legal protection
  • Increasing women's access to income and productive resources
Kenya
Biruh Tesfa (Bright Future)
Biruh Tesfa works with migrant adolescent girls who have relocated to urban areas and are at risk of coerced sex, transactional sex and exploitative...

  • Reducing violence and coercion
  • Increasing women's access to income and productive resources
Ethiopia
Community Care in Nigeria
Community Care in Nigeria improves community and household capacity to respond to the needs of women and children affected by HIV and AIDS. Services...

  • Reducing violence and coercion
  • Addressing male norms and behaviors
  • Increasing women's legal protection
  • Increasing women's access to income and productive resources
Nigeria
Comprehensive Sexuality, Family Life, and HIV/AIDS Education
Comprehensive Sexuality, Family Life and HIV/AIDS Education (SLFHE) is a three-year program that trains teachers to implement a project-developed...

  • Reducing violence and coercion
  • Addressing male norms and behaviors
  • Increasing women's legal protection
  • Increasing women's access to income and productive resources
Other: Gender equity, Girls empowerment
Nigeria
Corridors of Hope II
The Corridors of Hope II HIV/AIDS Prevention Initiative (COH II) aims to decrease HIV transmission, morbidity and mortality in seven of the highest-...

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  • Reducing violence and coercion
  • Addressing male norms and behaviors
  • Increasing women's legal protection
Zambia
Engendering Equality
The Engendering Equality project seeks to improve the status of rural women, children and youth by increasing access to information about the links...

  • Addressing male norms and behaviors
  • Increasing women's legal protection
  • Increasing women's access to income and productive resources
Other: Gender equity
Kenya
Ethiopian Radio Serial Dramas to Prevent HIV/AIDS
Population Media Center uses radio serial dramas to promote reproductive health, provide information about preventing HIV and sexually transmitted...

  • Reducing violence and coercion
  • Addressing male norms and behaviors
Other: Womens empowerment, Female access to education and reproductive health
Ethiopia
Family and Community Strengthening Program (FCS)
The Family and Community Strengthening (FCS) program provides a tailored package of activities based on the needs of HIV-affected communities....

  • Reducing violence and coercion
  • Addressing male norms and behaviors
  • Increasing women's legal protection
  • Increasing women's access to income and productive resources
Other: Gender equity
Uganda
Geração Biz
Geração Biz works to prevent HIV among young people in Mozambique by promoting adolescent sexual and reproductive health. Peer activists reach out to...

  • Reducing violence and coercion
  • Addressing male norms and behaviors
  • Increasing women's legal protection
  • Increasing women's access to income and productive resources
Mozambique
HIV & AIDS Counseling and Services
The HIV & AIDS Counseling and Services program provides counseling and prevention services to individuals, couples, family members, and...

  • Reducing violence and coercion
  • Addressing male norms and behaviors
  • Increasing women's legal protection
  • Increasing women's access to income and productive resources
Uganda
IMAGE (Intervention with Microfinance for AIDS and Gender Equity)
IMAGE (Intervention with Microfinance for AIDS and Gender Equity) is a community-based research study that combines a microfinance program to reduce...

  • Reducing violence and coercion
  • Addressing male norms and behaviors
  • Increasing women's access to income and productive resources
South Africa
Laphum’ Ilanga (Sunrise)
Laphum’ Ilanga (“sunrise” in Xhosa) uses community-based theater to explore the links between gender-based violence, gender norms and HIV. Women...

  • Reducing violence and coercion
  • Addressing male norms and behaviors
  • Increasing women's legal protection
  • Increasing women's access to income and productive resources
South Africa
Maanisha
Maanisha builds the capacity of civil society organizations (CSOs) to mainstream gender into HIV-related into community activities targeting women...

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  • Reducing violence and coercion
  • Addressing male norms and behaviors
  • Increasing women's legal protection
  • Increasing women's access to income and productive resources
Kenya
Male Norms Initiative
The program is building the capacity of existing HIV/AIDS programs to integrate male engagement strategies at all levels (individuals, community,...

  • Reducing violence and coercion
  • Addressing male norms and behaviors
Namibia
Ethiopia
Mama’s Club
Mama’s Club seeks to improve the economic status of HIV-positive mothers by training them in life skills and income-generating activities. HIV-...

  • Reducing violence and coercion
  • Addressing male norms and behaviors
  • Increasing women's legal protection
  • Increasing women's access to income and productive resources
Uganda
Memory Book
The Memory Book project aims to minimize the trauma of parental loss by strengthening the relationships between HIV positive parents and their...

  • Reducing violence and coercion
  • Addressing male norms and behaviors
  • Increasing women's legal protection
Uganda
Nuru ya Jamii
Nuru ya Jamii works to prevent HIV-driven orphaning by providing assistance and care to HIV-positive caregivers and their children. The program...

  • Reducing violence and coercion
  • Addressing male norms and behaviors
  • Increasing women's legal protection
  • Increasing women's access to income and productive resources
Kenya
Operation Haute Protection (OHP)
Operation Haute Protection (OHP) seeks to reduce HIV prevalence among uniformed services personnel and their families. OHP implements behavior change...

  • Reducing violence and coercion
  • Addressing male norms and behaviors
Other: Gender equity
Côte d Ivoire
Polyclinic of Hope Care and Treatment Project
The Polyclinic of Hope Care and Treatment Project provides comprehensive, quality HIV and AIDS prevention, care, support and treatment to HIV-...

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  • Reducing violence and coercion
  • Addressing male norms and behaviors
  • Increasing women's legal protection
  • Increasing women's access to income and productive resources
Rwanda
Post Rape Care
Post Rape Care offers an array of post-rape services in government health facilities and works to improve community awareness about sexual violence,...

  • Reducing violence and coercion
  • Increasing women's legal protection
Other: Gender mainstreaming
Kenya
Shosholoza AIDS Project
The project trains and supports young men on local soccer teams to conduct peer education sessions aimed at preventing HIV and reducing violence...

  • Reducing violence and coercion
  • Addressing male norms and behaviors
South Africa
Soul City Institute for Health and Development Communication (IHDC) Project
The Soul City Institute for Health and Development Communication (Soul City IHDC) is a South African-based regional health and development...

  • Reducing violence and coercion
  • Addressing male norms and behaviors
  • Increasing women's legal protection
South Africa
Stepping Stones – Adapted for South African Youth
Stepping Stones is an HIV prevention training package first implemented in Uganda and recently replicated and tested in South Africa by the Medical...

  • Reducing violence and coercion
  • Addressing male norms and behaviors
  • Increasing women's legal protection
Other: Gender equity
South Africa
Survival Skills Training for Orphans (SSTOP)
Survival Skills Training for Orphans (SSTOP) works to reduce involvement in transactional sex among orphans and vulnerable teenage girls. Through the...

  • Reducing violence and coercion
  • Addressing male norms and behaviors
  • Increasing women's legal protection
  • Increasing women's access to income and productive resources
Mozambique
T-MARC (The Tanzania Marketing and Communications for AIDS, Reproductive Health, Child Survival and Infectious Diseases Project)
The Tanzania Marketing and Communications for AIDS, Reproductive Health, Child Survival and Infectious Diseases Project (T-MARC) uses business...

  • Reducing violence and coercion
  • Addressing male norms and behaviors
  • Increasing women's access to income and productive resources
Tanzania
Tap and Reposition Youth (TRY)
Tap and Reposition Youth (TRY) was a research project in low income areas of Nairobi that sought to improve adolescent girls’ reproductive health...

  • Reducing violence and coercion
  • Addressing male norms and behaviors
  • Increasing women's legal protection
  • Increasing women's access to income and productive resources
Kenya
Targeting and Involving Men in HIV Prevention Activities
The primary goals of the program are (1) to reduce risk for sexually transmitted infections among Batswana men and their partners, and (2) to improve...

  • Reducing violence and coercion
  • Addressing male norms and behaviors
Other: Gender equity
Botswana
The Fatherhood and Child Security Project
The Fatherhood and Child Security project supports men to play a more active role in the lives of their families, to work to eliminate violence...

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  • Reducing violence and coercion
  • Addressing male norms and behaviors
South Africa
The SASA! Activist Kit for Preventing Violence against Women and HIV
The SASA! program aims to mobilize communities to change the power imbalance between women and men, reduce gender based violence, and reduce women’s...

  • Reducing violence and coercion
  • Addressing male norms and behaviors
Uganda
Women First (Mulheres Primero)
Women First combines health, HIV prevention, and entrepreneurial training with the establishment of sustainable businesses for rural women....

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  • Reducing violence and coercion
  • Increasing women's access to income and productive resources
Mozambique
Women’s Health CoOp, Pretoria
The Women’s Health CoOp, Pretoria intervention seeks to empower at-risk women, particularly drug users and sex workers, through education and skills...

  • Reducing violence and coercion
Other: Womens empowerment
South Africa
Tags: neo-natal